On this day in 1789, the first United States Congress adopts twelve amendments to the Constitution and sends them to the states for ratification. Ten of the amendments will become the Bill of Rights. The other two (11. Freedom of Dancing; 12. Freedom From Tipping) will be rejected.
On this day in 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor is sworn in as the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court to hoots, hollers, snickers, and wolf whistles. She calls it the "most important day of my life."